THE PROVINCE OF SALTA
The province of Salta, located in the north of Argentina, amazes the traveler with its geographical and cultural heterogeneity and a strong tradition. Its territory covers an area of 155,488 square kilometers (4.1% of the national total) and encompasses all types of landscapes: from the aridity of the Puna desert in the west to the lush green of the jungle in the east, passing through valleys and steep ravines in the center of the province. It borders three countries: Chile, Bolivia and Paraguay; and six Argentine provinces: Jujuy, Formosa, Chaco, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán and Catamarca. Due to its location, air and land connectivity, the diversity and quality of its services, it is considered the center of the region.
Its capital is the city of Salta, where the seat of government is located. The city of Salta la Linda is an important tourist destination and the central point for visiting the rest of the province. The city has different attractions; among them are its colonial houses and cathedral, and the High Mountain Archeology Museum of Salta, which houses the three frozen Inca mummies that were found in the Llullaillaco volcano and are known as the Children of Llullaillaco.
HOW TO GET THERE?
The province of Salta can be accessed by land and air. The land access is through provincial routes N° 1, 3, 8, 10, 35, 46 and 122, and national routes N° 9, 16, 34, 40
and 81. There are also 2 border crossings: Paso Internacional Salvador Mazza - Yacuiba and Paso Internacional Sico - Salta. And by air you can arrive through the International Airport General Martín Miguel de Güemes and the Airport "General Mosconi" of Tartagal.
Its climate is defined as Subtropical Serrano with dry season. In the tropical zone it has a warm climate, although with quite marked variations in its different
regions, depending on the variety of its relief. The orientation of its mountain ranges influences the distribution of rainfall: In the eastern region, the semi-arid climate with dry season predominates, with an annual average rainfall of around 500 mm and average temperatures of around 20° C, with temperatures above 35° C in summer and -5° C in winter, a marked thermal amplitude typical of continental territories. The Puna is characterized by sharp temperature fluctuations and low rainfall, which mostly does not exceed 200 mm per year, and average annual temperatures of about 10° C, corresponding to the arid Andean climate. In stark contrast to the previous zones, the valleys, ravines and sierras have a milder climate, which is where the main agricultural activities and the bulk of the population are concentrated. Here the average annual rainfall reaches 1000 mm. The average summer temperatures exceed 20° C, and in winter, the average
temperature is less than 14° C.
There are more than 20,000 accommodation places for all types of categories: 3, 4 and 5 star hotels, boutique hotels, hostels, among others, most of which
are located in the city of Salta. As for the gastronomy of Salta, it is characterized by the diversity of products
according to the area. Gastronomy represents the greatest cultural manifestation of a people and allows to know a region and its culture through its gastronomic and productive expressions. Corn, the main ingredient in so many recipes; spices from the Calchaquí Valleys, such as paprika and cumin; vegetables from the south of the province; sweets and jams; cheeses, meats and quinoa from the Puna; and tropical fruits such as bananas, mango, papaya, pineapple and passion fruit, so characteristic of the Norte Verde. The famous Salta Wine Route is the chosen place to enjoy historic towns, vineyards, wineries and wines. In Salta, vine cultivation was introduced by the Jesuits in the 18th century, mainly in Cafayate. This is where the Torrontés grape variety matures, a white wine distinguished by its intense fruity aroma and flavor.